Does India Provide the Best Cardiac Care?

The heart, a remarkable organ tirelessly pumping blood throughout our lives, sometimes encounters challenges that require medical intervention. One such critical procedure is mitral valve replacement (MVR).

As the global demand for cardiac interventions continues to rise, India has emerged as a leading destination for high-quality healthcare, often at a fraction of the cost seen in many Western countries. 

In this blog, we explore the cost of mitral valve replacement (MVR) in India and the factors that make the country an attractive choice for those seeking affordable yet top-notch cardiac care.

What is Mitral Valve Replacement?

Mitral Valve Replacement is a surgical procedure done to repair or replace the heart’s mitral valve. This procedure is done if the person has the following conditions:

  • Mitral valve regurgitation: In this, the valve does not close tightly, resulting in blood leaking backward. Surgery will be recommended if the condition is severe.
  • Mitral valve stenosis: In this condition, valve leaflets become thick and narrow down the passage. This reduces blood flow through the area; therefore, surgery is recommended.

The following procedures can do mitral valve repair or replacement:

  • Open-heart surgery: This procedure involves a cut (incision) in the chest.
  • Minimally invasive heart surgery:  A smaller incision in the chest. Compared to open heart surgery, minimally invasive heart surgery may include less pain, a speedier recovery period, and a shorter hospital stay. In general, medical professionals with training in doing such procedures should carry out minimally invasive cardiac surgery in hospitals.
  • Robot-assisted heart surgery: This is a kind of minimally invasive surgery in which the surgeon replicates the actions of open heart surgery with robotic arms.
  • Catheter-based procedure: This surgical procedure is performed by a heart doctor (interventional cardiologist) in the catheterization lab. A small, flexible tube catheter is inserted into a vein and guided to the heart as part of this treatment. Tools for mitral valve replacement or repair may be delivered through the catheter.

Why is India the Best Destination for Cardiac Treatment?

The healthcare system of India is emerging by adopting the latest technology for diagnosis and treating various medical conditions. The following factors are the reasons that attract numerous patients from domestically and internationally for cardiac procedures:

  • Technological Advancements: India’s healthcare sector has embraced state-of-the-art technologies in cardiovascular interventions, including mitral valve replacement. Introducing minimally invasive techniques and robotic-assisted surgeries has revolutionized surgeons’ approaches to MVR, ensuring precision and quicker recovery times for patients.
  • Experienced Cardiac Surgeons: India boasts a pool of highly skilled cardiac surgeons renowned for their expertise in mitral valve replacement. Many of them have received international recognition and training, contributing to the country’s growing reputation as a destination for cardiac care.
  • Cost-Effective Solutions: One significant advantage of opting for mitral valve replacement in India is the cost-effectiveness of the procedures. The country offers high-quality medical services at a lower cost than many Western countries, making it an attractive option for patients who are seeking affordable yet world-class healthcare.
  • Innovations in Medical Research: India has a growing focus on medical research, contributing to innovations in cardiac care, including mitral valve replacement. Collaborations between research institutions and healthcare providers aim to develop new techniques and devices, pushing the boundaries of what’s possible in cardiac surgery.
  • Patient-Centric Approach: Indian healthcare institutions prioritize a patient-centric approach, ensuring that individuals undergoing mitral valve replacement receive comprehensive care. From preoperative assessments to post-operative rehabilitation, the emphasis is on holistic well-being.

One of the renowned and leading cardiac surgeons, Dr. Y K Mishra, has over 32 years of experience performing various successful cardiac procedures.

He trained internationally and received numerous fellowships in cardiac surgery from the USA, UK, and other countries. Dr. Mishra’s expertise lies in performing minimally invasive cardiac surgery, robotic surgery, beating heart coronary artery bypass, and aortic surgery.

He successfully performed over 14,000 open heart surgeries and more than 500 robotic surgeries, including mitral valve replacement. He also received the Lifetime Achievement Award from Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam.

What is the Average Cost of Mitral Valve Replacement in India?

Before knowing about the cost, the patients should know the factors that decide the mitral valve replacement cost in India. Some of the factors are:

  • Hospital services and locations: Hospital charges depend on the services and location of the hospital. Private hospitals in urban or rural areas have higher charges than government hospitals in urban or rural areas.
  • Experience of surgeon: The more experienced the surgeon, the higher the procedure charges. A surgeon specializing in mitral valve replacement surgery may charge a higher price for performing the procedure.
  • Diagnostic tests and Imaging: The total cost depends on preoperative diagnostic testing and imaging examinations, including X-rays and MRI scans. For an appropriate diagnosis and surgical planning, several tests are necessary.
  • Pre and post-operative care: An important consideration is the price of postoperative rehabilitation, which includes follow-up checkups and physiotherapy sessions. Rehabilitation is essential for ensuring a full recovery and returning to regular activities.
  • Type of Anesthesia: The kind of anesthesia used during a procedure can affect the price. Compared to regional or local anesthesia, general anesthesia may be more expensive and cause the patient to become unconscious.

Based on the above factors, the average cost of a mitral valve replacement ranges from Rs. 2,00,000/- to Rs. 5,00,000/- lakhs, which includes pre-procedural, procedural, balloon and stent costs, medication costs, post-procedural, and hospital stay costs.

Key Takeaway:

The mitral valve replacement cost in India reflects the country’s commitment to providing accessible, high-quality healthcare. Thus, it becomes a surgical procedure and a lifeline for those facing mitral valve disorders, offering hope, healing, and a renewed chance at a healthy and vibrant life.

The combination of skilled medical professionals, advanced infrastructure, and affordability positions India as a leading destination for individuals seeking effective and reasonably priced cardiac interventions.

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